Arty wrote: ↑
1) Should countries have borders? Yes
Can these borders be physical or just legal? Yes. Israel is the case in point of a physical, military and legal/illegal border.
Should a country be able to arbitrarily deny certain groups or types of people due to certain circumstances? Depends on the local laws, and whatever international treaties that country signed.[/url]
2) How many immigrants should a country accept and who should decide this number? In the U.S., it would be illegal to have a quota of min/max, per 1965 immigration laws signed by LBJ.
3) are all kinds of immigrants based on race/religion/education/etc equally good/bad? Depends on the nationalist's ideology of that country.
Should a country distinguish one type of immigrant to be better than another type for its national interests? Under normal circumstances, a country would want to absorb the highly educated migrants and be the the beneficiary of another country's brain drain.
4) Is visiting a foreign country you're not a citizen of a privilege or a right? A privilege, unless that country signed some kind of treaty to allow Free Travel. EU's internal free-travel is such.
Is receiving welfare from a country you're not a citizen of, in which you work and live but dont[sic] pay taxes, a privilege or a right or illegal?Any entitlement would be a privilege until a law stated as rights. In states like California and Hawaii, you don't have to be a citizen to receive housing or utility assistance. State laws said you just have to meet a certain requirement. In some cases, been of a certain age would do.
5) Is any country in the world responsible to accept immigrants from other countries who are fleeing their home countries? Depends on the laws or treaties that country signed with others. Next would be local laws. If none existed, there is no obligation.
6) Are immigrants more often than not the most ambitious and energetic portion of the population in their original country?LOL...This one. Depends on which demographic group and which era they arrived. South Asians, Indian in particular, has been very ambitious and energetic. The Hmong, according to a New York State survey, is the least wealthy group of Asians due to the basic hardship and pre-migrant conditions like poor education background.
7) When a country has many talented people leaving, is this country better off or worse off? Ask them. Is India better off with their brain drain?
8) What is ths percentage of PHD students are immigrants in US in hard sciences like math/engineering/IT ? Silicone valley? Do you feel that the home country of these talented immigrants is now deprived of their talent because they came to US? I don't have that data at hands
9) Who benefits/loses more from Mexican immigrants to US, mexico or USA?LOL. The US benefit more with the Mexican migrants and Mexico benefited much more of remittance.
10) is the fact that USA was founded by immigrants relevant? No. The US never quite embrace migrants as ideals have projected. Case in point was the German. All was love and kind until wars with Kaiser, and later, Hitler, questioned these migrants' presence.
Which country in the world was not founded by immigrants?None. All were tribes, moving from place to place until the concept of Nation-State took hold.
11) if USA was founded by immigrants, should we open our borders completely and get rid of any visa or any otther restrictions to enter this country?Should we? No. Doing so would undermine the concept of Nat/Sec and trust in the government from people who are xenophobic. We need these to buy-in. Immigration policy is also a diplomacy lever that could be used as a bargaining chip; see US-Autralia relations.
12) Is it harder for an Iranian to get into the US, or for an ordinary american or russian like me to get into Iran? I can't be sure of the Russo-Persian protocols in regard to immigration. But so far, the difficulty between US-Iran in terms of immigration---it would be relatively easier for the Persians to come into the US than vice versa. (relatively speaking that is).
13) Is USA the only country with such seemingly strict immigration control? Nope. Not by far. Japan's policies, imho, is much stricter.
14) Can you name a few other western first world countries which would be much easier to get into for a Muslim, legally? My impressions would be Canada and Australia. I am not fully familiar with Europe so I can't say for certain.
15) Should trump be deposed or she he resign after he was democratically elected? LOL. Doing so won't solve the issue with the right-wing ideology. As bad as it seemed the last three weeks, it would be better to see his policies applied and tested and be judged on their pass/fail results.